Redesigning the journey for a sustainable future
Sustainable Tourism is associated both with environmental protection and with the development and safeguarding of local cultures and traditions, so the term 'Sustainable' is also generally used for a conscious socio-economic development of the territory and not only for environmental protection: The fundamental characteristic of this form of tourism is, in fact, to value the local management of services and the active participation of indigenous communities, with consequent beneficial effects on the resident population.
From a functional point of view, the exemplary model of sustainable development is linked to tourism that is coordinated by small and medium-sized enterprises and practised, preferably in protected areas, on an individual or family basis or in small groups, which, in this way, results in low ecological and social impacts on the territory.
The 5 primary characteristics of Sustainable Tourism
1) tourists experience a quality holiday
2) local communities benefit from this type of tourism, both in economic terms and in terms of quality of life and, at the same time, are committed to protecting environmental and landscape resources
3) tourism activities develop in such a way that they remain viable for an unlimited time, do not alter the environment (natural, social and artistic) and do not hinder or inhibit the development of other social and economic activities
4) satisfies the present needs of tourists without compromising the ability of future generations to satisfy their own, integrating the management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be met while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity and living systems;
5) recognises the contribution to the tourist experience of both the customs and lifestyles of the local host populations and, furthermore, lasts over time by maintaining its qualitative and quantitative values and by matching, in the short and long term, the expectations of residents with those of tourists without diminishing the quality level of the tourist experience and without damaging the environmental values of the area concerned.