Tuscan Archipelago National Park
An oasis of biodiversity between sea, islands and enchanting landscapes
The Tuscan Archipelago National Park, one of Italy's youngest national parks, is Europe's largest marine protected area. Elba, Capraia, Gorgona, Pianosa, Montecristo, Giglio and Giannutri are part of the park: seven islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea that are as many different worlds.
Different not only for their geological origin but also and above all for the historical events that have shaped their destinies and landscapes (www.islepark.it). An archipelago rich in history and luxuriant nature, not entirely protected by the park whose tormented perimeter process has in fact excluded almost all the urban and agricultural areas of Capraia, Elba and Giglio.
Yet it is an inseparable unicum in which the connective tissue is the sea, one of the most beautiful and vital in the Mediterranean. The rocky seabed that largely surrounds the islands is rich in diverse flora and fauna. Groupers, lobsters, moray eels and octopuses hide among the walls encrusted with colourful sponges and coralline algae, where urchins, anemones, spirographs and gorgonians also live.
All around swim sea breams, giltheads, snappers, damselfish and garfish, while in the open sea it is not uncommon to see groups of dolphins. Finally, the sandy seabed is covered with lush posidonia meadows, an authentic green lung of the Mediterranean.